Maximizing Recovery of Recycled Water for Groundwater Recharge Employing an Integrated Membrane System
Principal Investigator and Project Manager
Christopher Yu, PhD., P.E., Psomas
The Water Replenishment District of Southern California (WRD) has instituted numerous projects and programs over the years in a continuing effort to effectively manage groundwater replenishment and groundwater quality in southern California's Central and West Coast Basins.
One of the key groundwater resources for the WRD is recycled water. The recycled water has primarily been used to replenish the groundwater basins by surface spreading and injection at seawater intrusion barriers. In view of the potential for drought conditions to strike California and uncertainty in the future availability of imported supplies, recycled water has become increasingly vital and essential as a replenishment source.
Because of the increasing costs of water for the barriers, the WRD is constantly evaluating alternatives to minimize costs, such as the reduction of pumping near the barriers, increased recycled water to offset imported water, or banking water at lower seasonal rates. One of the alternatives that the WRD is interested in is increasing the recovery at the Leo J. Vander Lans Water Treatment Facility (LVL) to produce more recycled water.
In a Tailored Collaboration, WRD and the WateReuse Research Foundation developed this study to determine whether a multistage, high-pressure membrane process, such as the one used at the LVL, can be operated at higher recovery and permeate flux, resulting in lower overall operating costs, without compromising product water quality. For this specific water reuse application, it is hypothesized that new-generation NF and LPRO membranes could be operated at higher recovery and lower operating costs, while maintaining a product quality comparable to conventional RO membranes.
This study provides data on NF membrane treatment of recycled water, which are critical for acceptance by the regulatory authorities. It is expected that this mode of operation will allow savings in operations for utilities seeking to treat recycled water without stringent TDS removal requirements. It could also offer a proven, cost-effective option to existing facilities that use two-stage RO.
(2011, 94 pages, 08-10-1)
Foundation subscriber price: 15.00
Non-member price: 45.00